Prevalence of Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction in Patients Undergoing Atrial Fibrillation Ablation Based on Resting and Post-Tachycardia Pacing Left Atrial Pressure

Link to article at PubMed

Am J Cardiol. 2023 Sep 2;205:445-450. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2023.07.179. Online ahead of print.


Atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) are frequent co-morbid conditions. In patients with symptomatic AF and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction the clinical diagnosis of HFpEF may be difficult, as history, examination, and echocardiography are not sensitive or specific. This study sought to assess the prevalence of HFpEF in patients undergoing AF ablation utilizing resting and post-tachycardia pacing left atrial pressure (LAP) measurements. This retrospective cohort study consisted of consecutive patients with symptomatic AF and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction who had invasive hemodynamic assessment (IHA) of LAP under resting and post-tachycardia pacing conditions while undergoing AF ablation from 2020 to 2022 at a tertiary care academic medical center. Elevated LAP was defined as ≥15 mm Hg at rest and ≥15 mm Hg post-tachycardia pacing. Patients were stratified into 3 groups: (1) normal resting and post-tachycardia pacing LAP (control group), (2) elevated resting LAP (apparent HFpEF), (3) normal resting but elevated post-tachycardia pacing LAP (occult HFpEF). A total of 78 patients were included with age 64.6 ± 9.1 years, 28 (36%) female, body mass index 33.3 ± 6.5 kg/m2, 5 (6%) paroxysmal and 73 (94%) persistent AF, and CHA2DS2-VASc 3.0 ± 1.5. IHA categorized 31 (40%), 32 (41%), and 15 patients (19%) into groups 1, 2, and 3 respectively. Notably, while only 9 patients (12%) were diagnosed with HFpEF based on clinical evaluation, 47 patients (60%) were diagnosed by IHA. IHA in patients undergoing AF ablation suggests a high prevalence of clinically undiagnosed HFpEF through a novel methodology measuring resting and post-tachycardia pacing LAP.

PMID:37666016 | DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2023.07.179

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