The Battle of the Pneumonia Predictors: A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Comparing the Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI) and the CURB-65 Score in Predicting Mortality and the Need for ICU Support

Link to article at PubMed

Cureus. 2023 Jul 29;15(7):e42672. doi: 10.7759/cureus.42672. eCollection 2023 Jul.


The CURB-65 (confusion, uremia, respiratory rate, blood pressure, age ≥ 65 years) score and the pneumonia severity index (PSI) are widely used and recommended in predicting 30-day mortality and the need for intensive care support in community-acquired pneumonia. This study aims to compare the performance of these two severity scores in both mortality prediction and the need for intensive care support. A systematic review and meta-analysis was carried out, following the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis) 2020 guidelines, and PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar were searched for articles published from 2012 to 2022. The reference lists of the included studies were also searched to retrieve possible additional studies. Twenty-five studies reporting prognostic information for CURB 65 and PSI were identified. ReviewManager (RevMan) 5.4.1 was used to produce risk ratios, and a random effects model was used to pool them. Both PSI and CURB-65 showed a high strength in identifying high-risk patients. However, CURB-65 was slightly better in early mortality prediction and had more sensitivity (96.7%) and specificity (89.3%) in predicting admission to intensive care support. Thus, CURB-65 seems to be the preferred tool in predicting mortality and the need for admission into intensive care support.

PMID:37649936 | PMC:PMC10462911 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.42672

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