Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor in decompensated liver cirrhosis: a meta-analysis of four randomized controlled trials

Link to article at PubMed

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2023 Aug 23. doi: 10.1097/MEG.0000000000002637. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Decompensated liver cirrhosis (DC) has high mortality, but liver transplantation is limited due to organ scarcity and contraindications for transplantation. Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (GCSF) shows potential for liver disease treatment with its regenerative and immunomodulatory properties. To assess the controversial use of GCSF in DC, a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) compared survival benefits in patients receiving GCSF plus standard medical therapy (SMT) versus SMT alone.

METHODS: A literature search was performed in four databases from data inception up to December 2022, and all registered randomized controlled (RCTs) evaluating GCSF-based therapies for cirrhotic patients were included.

RESULTS: A study combining four RCTs assessed the impact of GCSF with SMT in 595 patients with decompensated cirrhosis. The results indicated that GCSF + SMT led to higher odds of survival compared to SMT alone [risk ratio 1.28, 95% CI (1.08-1.5)]. Heterogeneity existed among the studies, but overall, GCSF showed potential in improving survival. The intervention group exhibited improved Child-Pugh-Turcotte scores [-2.51, CI (-4.33 to -0.70)], and increased CD34 levels, but no significant improvement in MELD scores. These findings suggest GCSF may benefit patients with decompensated cirrhosis in terms of survival and liver function.

CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the combination of GCSF and SMT may have a positive impact on the survival rate and improvement in CPT score in patients with DC. Further RCTs are needed to shed more light on this promising modality in end-stage liver disease.

PMID:37642669 | DOI:10.1097/MEG.0000000000002637

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *