Am J Nurs. 2023 Sep 1;123(9):28-36. doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000978144.33445.5b.
BACKGROUND: Nurses have primary responsibility for many of the care processes and interventions intended to improve patients' health during hospital stays. Accordingly, missed nursing care can negatively impact patient safety and lead to negative clinical outcomes. Missed nursing care is standard care that is not completed, incomplete, or seriously delayed.
PURPOSE: There is scant literature on nurse-reported missed care (NRMC) in Singapore. Identifying the prevalence of, types of, and reasons for missed care, including staff-related factors, is imperative to understanding the implications of missed care and identifying opportunities for improvement.
METHODS: Ours is a correlation study of NRMC using convenience sampling. Nurses working on all inpatient units in an acute care hospital in Singapore were recruited to complete the MISSCARE survey, a quantitative tool measuring missed nursing care and the reasons for it. Descriptive statistics was applied to analyze demographics, types of NRMC, and reasons for NRMC. The Pearson χ2 test was used to analyze the correlation between demographics and satisfaction variables and NRMC.
RESULTS: A total of 314 participants out of 1,944 eligible nurses (response rate, 16%) were recruited. The most commonly reported missed care activities were setting up meals for patients who can feed themselves (87.3%), ambulation (70.1%), attending interdisciplinary conferences (64.3%), providing emotional support to patients and/or family (58%), and turning patients every two hours (56.7%). The most cited reasons for missed care were inadequate number of staff (84.4%), caregiver not in unit or unavailable (76.1%), heavy admission and discharge activity (75.5%), urgent patient situations (74.2%), and unexpected rise in patient volume and/or acuity (73.2%). Younger age, greater experience in role and current unit, inadequate staffing and teamwork, low satisfaction with current role and with being a nurse, and planning to leave the current position were factors significantly associated with greater levels of missed care.
CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated evidence of NRMC and its associated factors within the local setting. In addition to expanding nursing resources, analyzing nursing work processes, providing support for younger nurses, and improving nursing satisfaction are possible mitigating factors in preventing missed care. Strategies targeting workforce and resource management, greater support for new and younger nurses, and job satisfaction should be considered to address missed care.