Dig Dis Sci. 2023 Aug 25. doi: 10.1007/s10620-023-08033-w. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB) in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. We evaluated inpatient outcomes of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) before cardiac catheterization in patients with NSTEMI and NVUGIB.
METHODS: We utilized the National Readmission Database (2016-2019) to identify all index hospitalizations with a primary diagnosis of NSTEMI and a secondary diagnosis of NVUGIB that underwent EGD before cardiac catheterization (cases). A matched comparison cohort of similar hospitalizations that undergo EGD after cardiac catheterization were identified (controls) after 1:1 propensity score matching for age, gender, cardiac comorbidities, causes, and severity of bleeding.
RESULTS: A total of 796 cases were matched with 796 controls. There was a higher median length of hospital stay (8 vs. 5 days, P = 0.01) and median hospital charges ($111,218 vs. $99,115, P = 0.002) for cases compared to controls. There was a higher all-cause inpatient mortality in cases compared to controls (5.5% vs. 3.9%, P = 0.26). Furthermore, there was a higher proportion of patients with ICU admission (7% vs. 3%, P < 0.001), septic shock (7.1% vs. 5.8%, P = 0.41), atrial fibrillation (27.1% vs. 19.8%, P < 0.001) and acute kidney injury (42.8% vs. 29.1%, P < 0.001) for cases compared to controls.
CONCLUSION: Delaying cardiac catheterization in favor of EGD is associated with increased hospital stay, costs, and cardiac complications. Further studies are warranted to establish our findings.