Chronic Illn. 2023 Aug 22:17423953231196613. doi: 10.1177/17423953231196613. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is the most common comorbidity in patients with cancer. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of hypertension by demographic characteristics and cancer type among hospitalized patients with cancer.
METHODS: Hospitalized cancer patients were included using 2016-2018 National Inpatient Sample data. The independent variable was the presence of hypertension, which was further classified as primary, secondary, and other hypertension. Patient characteristics were grouped by age, sex, race/ethnicity, and the 12 most common cancer types. Multinomial logistic regression was used.
RESULTS: Among 638,670 hospitalized patients with cancer, 56.8% had hypertension. The predicted percentages of having any hypertension were higher with age, male gender, and black race. The predicted percentages of any hypertension were the highest in kidney cancer patients across all age and race/ethnicity groups. Uterine cancer was associated with the highest percentages of primary hypertension, followed by kidney cancer. Leukemia was associated with the highest percentages of secondary hypertension, followed by non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
DISCUSSION: Kidney cancer patients had the highest predicted percentage of hypertension overall, while uterine cancer and leukemia had the highest percentages of primary and secondary hypertension, respectively. This study provides evidence for identifying cancer patients who need more attention for the prevention and management of hypertension.