Physician behaviors associated with increased physician and nurse communication during bedside interdisciplinary rounds

Link to article at PubMed

J Hosp Med. 2023 Aug 16. doi: 10.1002/jhm.13189. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Effective team communication during interdisciplinary rounds (IDRs) is a hallmark of safe, efficient, patient-centered care. However, there is limited understanding of optimal IDR structures and procedures.

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze direct observations of physician and nurse interactions during bedside IDR to identify behaviors associated with increased interprofessional communication.

DESIGNS, SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: Trained observers audited general medicine ward rounds at an academic medical center using a standardized tool to record physician and nurse behavior and communication in 1007 patient encounters in October 2019 to March 2020.

RESULTS: There were significant differences in physician and nurse interaction time among physicians with different levels of training, with attendings demonstrating higher interaction time than residents (5.4 ± 4.6 vs. 4.3 ± 3.7 min, p = .02) and interns or medical students (3.0 ± 3.2 min, p = .002). Attendings were more likely to initiate a conversation about nurse concerns (76.9%) compared to residents (67.9%) and interns or medical students (59.3%, p = .03). Early nurse participation in bedside visits was associated with increased physician and nurse interaction time (5.0 ± 4.6 vs. 1.9 ± 1.7 min, p < .001) and physician initiative to ask about nurse concerns (74.8% vs. 64.3%, p = .04). In addition, physician initiative to ask the nurse for concerns rather than waiting for the nurse to offer concerns without being prompted was associated with a subsequent conversation about those concerns (74.5% vs. 61.8%, p < .001) and the physician asking about patient or family concerns (94.2% vs. 88.4%, p = .01).

CONCLUSIONS: Implementing IDR structures and procedures that promote attending physician involvement, physician initiative, and early nurse participation could optimize interdisciplinary communication and quality of care.

PMID:37584618 | DOI:10.1002/jhm.13189

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