Int J Gen Med. 2023 Jul 31;16:3247-3256. doi: 10.2147/IJGM.S419239. eCollection 2023.
BACKGROUND: Pain management is a critical aspect of healthcare, aimed at alleviating discomfort and improving the quality of life for individuals experiencing acute or chronic pain. Pharmacological methods constitute a primary approach to pain management, including a diverse array of drugs that work through different mechanisms.
AIM: Identifying medications commonly employed in pain management, focusing on their mechanism of actions, uses, efficacy and pharmacological applications.
METHODS: The methodology involved a systematic search of scientific literature using various databases, including PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar. Relevant articles published between 2000 and 2023 were screened for inclusion. The selected studies encompassed original research, review articles, therapeutic guidelines and randomized controlled trials.
RESULTS: The findings of this review suggest that a multimodal approach combining various analgesics can enhance pain relief while minimizing adverse effects. It emphasizes the importance of assessing pain intensity, determining the underlying etiology, and utilizing evidence-based guidelines to optimize pain management outcomes.
CONCLUSION: Pharmacological methods of pain management are an essential component of pain management strategies to achieve optimal pain relief while minimizing adverse effects. The article concludes with a discussion on emerging trends and future directions in pharmacological pain management, including novel drug targets and advances in drug delivery systems.