Am J Cardiol. 2023 Jul 6;202:58-66. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2023.06.031. Online ahead of print.
Post-contrast acute kidney injury (PC-AKI) is a common complication after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, it is unclear whether or not the effects of PC-AKI on long-term clinical outcomes were different between emergent and elective procedures. Among patients enrolled in the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG (Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting) registry cohort 3, we identified 10,822 patients treated using PCI (emergent PCI stratum: n = 5,022 [46%] and elective PCI stratum: n = 5,860 [54%]). PC-AKI was defined as ≥0.3 mg/100 ml absolute or 1.5-fold relative increase of serum creatinine within 72 hours after PCI. The incidence of PC-AKI was significantly higher after emergent PCI than after elective PCI (10.5% vs 3.7%, p <0.001). In the multivariable logistic regression model, emergent PCI was the strongest independent risk factor for PC-AKI in the entire study population. The excess adjusted risk of patients with PC-AKI relative to those without remained significant for all-cause death in both the emergent and elective PCI strata (hazard ratio 1.87, 95% confidence interval 1.59 to 2.21, p <0.001 and hazard ratio 1.31, 95% confidence interval 1.03 to 1.68, p = 0.03, respectively). There was a significant interaction between the PCI setting (emergent and elective) and the effect of PC-AKI on all-cause death, with a greater magnitude of effect in the emergent PCI stratum than in the elective PCI stratum (p for interaction = 0.01). In conclusion, the incidence of PC-AKI was 2.8 times higher after emergent PCI than after elective PCI. The excess mortality risk of PC-AKI relative to no PC-AKI was greater after emergent PCI than after elective PCI.