Value-Based Purchasing Design And Effect: A Systematic Review And Analysis

Link to article at PubMed

Health Aff (Millwood). 2023 Jun;42(6):813-821. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2022.01455.


During the past two decades in the United States, all major payer types-commercial, Medicare, Medicaid, and multipayer coalitions-have introduced value-based purchasing (VBP) contracts to reward providers for improving health care quality while reducing spending. This systematic review qualitatively characterized the financial and nonfinancial features of VBP programs and examined how such features combine to create a level of program intensity that relates to desired quality and spending outcomes. Higher-intensity VBP programs are more frequently associated with desired quality processes, utilization measures, and spending reductions than lower-intensity programs. Thus, although there may be reasons for payers and providers to opt for lower-intensity programs (for example, to increase voluntary participation), these choices apparently have consequences for spending and quality outcomes.

PMID:37276480 | DOI:10.1377/hlthaff.2022.01455

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