Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2023 May 25. doi: 10.1080/14787210.2023.2214727. Online ahead of print.
INTRODUCTION: Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin Structure Infections (ABSSSIs) are a common reason of Emergency Department (ED) access and account for a considerable number of hospital admissions and a high economic burden for the healthcare system. The long-acting lipoglycopeptides (LALs) allow for an outpatient management of subjects with ABSSSIs, still requiring parenteral therapy, but who do not need hospitalization.
AREAS COVERED: the following topics were addressed: i) microbiological activity, efficacy and safety of dalbavancin, ii) critical steps for the management of ABSSSIs in the ED (decision to hospitalize, risk of bacteremia and infection recurrence), iii) feasibility of direct/early discharge from the ED and potential advantage of dalbavancin.
EXPERT OPINION: Authors' expert opinion was focused on drawing the profiles of patients who could benefit most from an antimicrobial therapy with dalbavancin in the ED and positioning this drug as a direct or early discharge strategy from the ED in order to avoid hospitalization and its complications. We have provided a therapeutic and diagnostic algorithm based on evidence from the literature and authors' expert opinion and suggest the use of dalbavancin in patients with ABSSSIs who are not eligible for oral therapies or Outpatient Parenteral Antibiotic Therapy (OPAT) programs and who would have otherwise been hospitalized only for antibiotic therapy.