The association of cardiac troponin and cardiovascular events in patients with concomitant heart failure preserved ejection fraction and atrial fibrillation

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BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2023 May 24;23(1):273. doi: 10.1186/s12872-023-03302-y.


BACKGROUND: Limited data are available for risk stratification in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and combined heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). We aimed to explore the prognostic utility of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) in patients with newly detected AF and concomitant HFpEF.

METHODS: From August 2014 to December 2016, 2,361 patients with newly detected AF were polled in a retrospective single-center registry. Of which, 634 patients were eligible for HFpEF diagnosis (HFA-PEFF score ≥ 5) and 165 patients were excluded with exclusion criteria. Finally, 469 patients are classified into elevated or non-elevated hs-cTnI groups based on the 99th percentile upper reference limit (URL). The primary outcome was the incidence of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) during follow-up.

RESULTS: In 469 patients, 295 were stratified into the non-elevated hs-cTnI group (< 99th percentile URL of hs-cTnI) and 174 were placed in the elevated hs-cTnI group (≥ 99th percentile URL of hs-cTnI). The median follow-up period was 24.2 (interquartile range, 7.5-38.6) months. During the follow-up period, 106 patients (22.6%) in the study population experienced MACCE. In a multivariable Cox regression model, the elevated hs-cTnI group had a higher incidence of MACCE (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.08-2.55; p = 0.03) and coronary revascularization-caused readmission (adjusted HR, 3.86; 95% CI, 1.39-15.09; p = 0.02) compared with the non-elevated hs-cTnI group. The incidence of heart failure-caused readmission tended to occur more frequently in the elevated hs-cTnI group (8.5% versus 15.5%; adjusted HR, 1.52; 95% CI, 0.86-2.67; p = 0.08).

CONCLUSIONS: One-fifth of patients with AF and concomitant HFpEF experienced MACCE during follow-up, and elevated hs-cTnI was independently associated with higher risk of MACCE, as driven by heart failure and revascularization-caused readmission. This finding suggested that hs-cTnI may be a useful tool in individualized risk stratification of future cardiovascular events in patients with AF and concomitant HFpEF.

PMID:37226163 | DOI:10.1186/s12872-023-03302-y

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