Safety and Efficacy of Nemonoxacin vs Levofloxacin in Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Control Trials

Link to article at PubMed

Cureus. 2023 Apr 16;15(4):e37650. doi: 10.7759/cureus.37650. eCollection 2023 Apr.


Community-acquired pneumonia is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world, which incurs significant healthcare costs. The aim of his meta-analysis is to assess the clinical efficacy and safety of a novel non-fluorinated quinolone, nemonoxacin, compared with levofloxacin in treating community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). A recursive literature search was conducted using PubMed, Google Scholar, and Scopus up to August 2022. All randomized clinical trials comparing nemonoxacin to levofloxacin for community-acquired pneumonia were included. The patients selected for this study had mild to moderate CAP. Each individual received treatment with either nemonoxacin (500 mg or 750 mg) or levofloxacin (500 mg) for a duration of 3-10 days. Four randomized control trials with a total of 1955 patients were included. Nemonoxacin and levofloxacin were found to have similar clinical cure rates in the treatment of CAP. There were no significant differences reported in the treatment-emergent adverse events between the two drugs (RR=0.95, 95% CI: 0.86, 1.08, I2=0%). However, the most frequent symptoms exhibited were gastrointestinal system-related. Both the dosages (500 mg and 750 mg) of nemonoxacin were found to have similar efficacy as that of levofloxacin. Our meta-analysis indicates that nemonoxacin is a well-tolerated and effective antibiotic therapy for the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), with clinical success rates comparable to those of levofloxacin. Furthermore, the adverse effects associated with nemonoxacin are generally mild. Therefore, both the 500 mg and 750 mg dosages of nemonoxacin can be recommended as appropriate antibiotic therapy regimens for the treatment of CAP.

PMID:37200652 | PMC:PMC10188129 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.37650

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