Heart Fail Clin. 2023 Apr;19(2S):e1-e8. doi: 10.1016/j.hfc.2023.03.002. Epub 2023 Mar 7.
The interplay of COVID-19 and heart failure is complex and involves direct and indirect effects. Patients with existing heart failure develop more severe COVID-19 symptoms and have worse clinical outcomes. Pandemic-related policies and protocols have negatively affected care for cardiovascular conditions and established hospital protocols, which is particularly important for patients with heart failure.