Combination of terlipressin and noradrenaline versus terlipressin in hepatorenal syndrome with early non-response to terlipressin infusion:  A randomized trial

Link to article at PubMed

Indian J Gastroenterol. 2023 May 5. doi: 10.1007/s12664-023-01356-6. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Terlipressin and noradrenaline are effective in the management of hepatorenal syndrome (HRS). There are no reports on the combination of these vasoconstrictors in type-1 HRS.

AIM: To evaluate terlipressin with or without noradrenaline in type-1 HRS not responding to terlipressin at 48 hours.

METHODS: Sixty patients were randomized to receive either terlipressin (group A; n = 30) or a combination of terlipressin and noradrenaline infusion (group B; n = 30). In group A, terlipressin infusion was started at 2 mg/day and increased by 1 mg/day (maximum 12 mg/day). In group B, terlipressin was given at a constant dose of 2 mg/day. Noradrenaline infusion was started at 0.5 mg/h at baseline and increased to 3 mg/h in a stepwise manner. The primary outcome was treatment response at 15 days. Secondary outcomes were 30-day survival, cost-benefit analysis and adverse events.

RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the response rate between the groups (50% vs. 76.7%, p = 0.06) and 30-day survival was similar (36.7% vs. 53.3%, p = 0.13). Treatment was more expensive in group A (USD 750 vs. 350, p < 0.001). Adverse events were more frequent in group A (36.7% vs. 13.3%, p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The combination of noradrenaline and terlipressin infusion results in a non-significantly higher rate of HRS resolution with significantly fewer adverse effects in HRS patients who do not respond to terlipressin within 48 hours.

CLINICALTRIALS: gov (NCT03822091).

PMID:37145232 | DOI:10.1007/s12664-023-01356-6

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