Lung Ultrasound to Assess Pulmonary Congestion in Patients with Acute Exacerbation of COPD

Link to article at PubMed

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2023 Apr 25;18:693-703. doi: 10.2147/COPD.S396855. eCollection 2023.


PURPOSE: Heart failure (HF) often coexists with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is associated with worse outcomes. We aimed to assess the feasibility of detecting vertical artifacts (B-lines) on lung ultrasound (LUS) to identify concurrent HF in patients hospitalized with acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD). Second, we wanted to assess the association between B-lines and the risk of rehospitalization for AECOPD or death.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 123 patients with AECOPD underwent 8-zone bedside LUS within 24h after admission. A positive LUS was defined by ≥3 B-lines in ≥2 zones bilaterally. The ability to detect concurrent HF (adjudicated by a cardiologist committee) and association with events were evaluated by logistic- and Cox regression models.

RESULTS: Forty-eight of 123 patients with AECOPD (age 75±9 years, 57[46%] men) had concurrent HF. Sixteen (13%) patients had positive LUS, and the prevalence of positive LUS was similar between patients with and without concurrent HF (8[17%] vs 8[11%], respectively, p=0.34). The number of B-lines was higher in concurrent HF: median 10(IQR 6-16) vs 7(IQR 5-12), p=0.03. The sensitivity and specificity for a positive LUS to detect concurrent HF were 17% and 89%, respectively. Positive LUS was not associated with rehospitalization and mortality: Adjusted HR: 0.93(0.49-1.75), p=0.81.

CONCLUSION: LUS did not detect concurrent HF or predict risk in patients with AECOPD.

PMID:37128214 | PMC:PMC10148645 | DOI:10.2147/COPD.S396855

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