Outpatient care concept and potential inpatient cost savings associated with the administration of dalbavancin – A real-world data and retrospective cost analysis

Link to article at PubMed

J Infect Public Health. 2023 Apr 20;16(6):955-963. doi: 10.1016/j.jiph.2023.04.015. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: The treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI) usually involves intravenous (i.v.) antibiotics requiring hospitalisation and increasing hospital costs. Since 2014, dalbavancin is approved for ABSSSIs treatment. However, evidence of its health economic impact on the German healthcare system is still limited.

METHODS: Diagnosis-related groups (DRG) based cost analysis was used to evaluate real-world data (RWD) from a German tertiary care center. All patients treated with i.v. antibiotics in the Department of Dermatology and Venereology at the University Hospital of Cologne were included to detect potential cost savings from a payer perspective. Thus, for the inpatient care German diagnosis-related groups (G-DRG) tariffs, length of stay (LOS), main- and secondary DRG-diagnoses and for the outpatient setting 'Einheitlicher Bewertungsmaßstab' (EBM) codes were evaluated.

RESULTS: This retrospective study identified 480 inpatient cases treated for ABSSSI between January 2016 until December 2020. Complete cost data were available for 433 cases and the detection of long-hospital-stay patients based on surcharges for exceeding the upper limit LOS led to 125 cases (29%) including 67 females (54%) and 58 males (46%) with an overall mean age of 63.6 years; all treated for International Classification of Diseases (ICD -10th revision) code A46 'erysipelas'. A sub-analysis focussed on DRG J64B with a total of 92 cases exceeding the upper limit LOS by a median of 3 days resulted in a median surcharge of €636 (mean value €749; SD €589; IQR €459-€785) per case. In comparison, we calculated outpatient treatment costs of approximately €55 per case. Thus, further treatment of these patients in an outpatient setting before exceeding the upper limit LOS might result in a cost-saving potential of approximately €581 per case.

CONCLUSION: Dalbavancin appears a cost-efficient option to reduce inpatient treatment costs by transitioning to an outpatient setting of patients with ABSSSI potentially exceeding the upper limit LOS.

PMID:37099955 | DOI:10.1016/j.jiph.2023.04.015

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