Survey of Inpatient Consultations with General Internal Medicine Physicians in a Tertiary Hospital: A Retrospective Observational Study

Link to article at PubMed

Int J Gen Med. 2023 Apr 14;16:1295-1302. doi: 10.2147/IJGM.S408768. eCollection 2023.


PURPOSE: The general internal medicine (GIM) department can be an effective diagnostic coordinator for undiagnosed outpatients. We investigated the contribution of GIM consultations to the diagnosis of patients admitted to specialty departments in hospitals in Japan that have not yet adopted a hospitalist system.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: This single-center, retrospective observational study was conducted at a university hospital in Japan. GIM consultations from other departments on inpatients aged ≥20 years, from April 2016 to March 2021, were included. Data were extracted from electronic medical records, and consultation purposes were categorized into diagnosis, treatment, and diagnosis and treatment. The primary outcome was new diagnosis during hospitalization for patients with consultation purpose of diagnosis or diagnosis and treatment. The secondary outcomes were the purposes of consultation with the Diagnostic and Generalist Medicine department.

RESULTS: In total, 342 patients were included in the analysis. The purpose of the consultations was diagnosis for 253 patients (74%), treatment for 60 (17.5%), and diagnosis and treatment for 29 patients (8.5%). In 282 consultations for diagnosis and diagnosis and treatment, 179 new diagnoses were established for 162 patients (57.5%, 95% confidence interval [CI], 51.5-63.3).

CONCLUSION: The GIM department can function as a diagnostic consultant for inpatients with diagnostic problems admitted to other specialty departments in hospitals where hospitalist or other similar systems are not adopted.

PMID:37081930 | PMC:PMC10112478 | DOI:10.2147/IJGM.S408768

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *