Crit Care Med. 2023 Apr 7. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000005871. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: The Lessening Organ Dysfunction with Vitamin C trial showed a harmful effect of vitamin C on 28-day death or persistent organ dysfunction. To maximize interpretation, we present a post hoc Bayesian reanalysis.
DESIGN: Bayesian reanalysis of a randomized placebo-controlled trial.
SETTING: Thirty-five ICUs.
PATIENTS: Adults with proven or suspected infection, vasopressor support, and no more than 24 hours of ICU admission.
INTERVENTIONS: Patients were allocated to receive either vitamin C (50 mg/kg of body weight) or placebo every 6 hours for up to 96 hours.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The primary outcome was the composite of death or persistent organ dysfunction (i.e., vasopressor use, invasive mechanical ventilation, or new renal replacement therapy) at 28 days. We used Bayesian log-binomial models with random effects for hospital site and varying informative prior beliefs for the effect of vitamin C to estimate risk ratios (RRs) with 95% credible intervals (Crls) in the intention to treat population (vitamin C, 435 patients; placebo, 437 patients). Using weakly neutral priors, patients allocated to vitamin C had a higher risk of death or persistent organ dysfunction at 28 days (RR, 1.20; 95% Crl, 1.04-1.39; probability of harm, 99%). This effect was consistent when using optimistic (RR, 1.14; 95% Crl, 1.00-1.31; probability of harm, 98%) and empiric (RR, 1.09; 95% Crl, 0.97-1.22; probability of harm, 92%) priors. Patients allocated to vitamin C also had a higher risk of death at 28 days under weakly neutral (RR, 1.17; 95% Crl, 0.98-1.40; probability of harm, 96%), optimistic (RR, 1.10; 95% Crl, 0.94-1.30; probability of harm, 88%), and empiric (RR, 1.05; 95% Crl, 0.92-1.19; probability of harm, 76%) priors.
CONCLUSIONS: The use of vitamin C in adult patients with proven or suspected infection and vasopressor support is associated with high probability of harm.
PMID:37026849 | DOI:10.1097/CCM.0000000000005871