Drugs. 2023 Apr 5:1-9. doi: 10.1007/s40265-023-01862-z. Online ahead of print.
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disease that despite advances in therapy is associated with a 7-year survival of approximately 50%. Several risk factors are associated with developing PAH, include methamphetamine use, scleroderma, human immunodeficiency virus, portal hypertension, and genetic predisposition. PAH can also be idiopathic. There are traditional pathways underlying the pathophysiology of PAH involving nitric oxide, prostacyclin, thromboxane A2, and endothelin-1, resulting in impaired vasodilation, enhanced vasoconstriction and proliferation in the pulmonary vasculature. Established PAH medications targets these pathways; however, this paper aims to discuss novel drugs for treating PAH by targeting new and alternative pathways.
PMID:37017914 | PMC:PMC10074340 | DOI:10.1007/s40265-023-01862-z