The Prognostic Role of Spot Urinary Sodium and Chloride in a Cohort of Hospitalized Advanced Heart Failure Patients: A Pilot Study

Link to article at PubMed

Life (Basel). 2023 Mar 5;13(3):698. doi: 10.3390/life13030698.


Recent studies have demonstrated the prognostic value of spot urinary sodium (UNa+) in acutely decompensated chronic HF (ADCHF) patients. However, data on the prognostic role of UNa+ and spot urinary chloride (UCl-) in patients with advanced HF are limited. In the present prospective pilot study, we examined the predictive value of UNa+ and UCl- concentration at baseline, at 2 h and at 24 h after admission for all-cause mortality and HF rehospitalization up to 3 months post-discharge. Consecutive advanced HF patients (n = 30) admitted with ADCHF and aged > 18 years were included in the study. Loop diuretics were administered based on the natriuresis-guided algorithm recommended by the recent HF guidelines. Exclusion criteria were cardiogenic shock, acute coronary syndrome, estimated glomerular filtration rate < 15 mL/min/1.73 m2, severe hepatic dysfunction (Child-Pugh category C), and sepsis. UNa+ at baseline (Area Under the Curve (AUC) = 0.75, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) (0.58-0.93), p = 0.019) and at 2 h after admission (AUC = 0.80, 95% CI: 0.64-0.96, p = 0.005) showed good and excellent discrimination, respectively. UCl- at 2 h after admission (AUC = 0.75, 95%CI (0.57-0.93), p = 0.017) demonstrated good discrimination. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, UNa+ at 2 h (p = 0.02) and dose of loop diuretics at admission (p = 0.03) were the only factors independently associated with the study outcome. In conclusion, UNa+ and UCl- may have a prognostic role in hospitalized advanced HF patients.

PMID:36983853 | DOI:10.3390/life13030698

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