Acute coronary syndrome in very elderly patients-a real-world experience

Link to article at PubMed

Heart Vessels. 2023 Mar 28. doi: 10.1007/s00380-023-02260-x. Online ahead of print.


Very elderly population constitutes an increasingly larger proportion of patients admitted for acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Notably, age represents both a proxy of frailty and an exclusion criterion in clinical randomized trials, which probably contributes to lack of data and undertreatment of real-world elderly patients. The aim of the study is to describe patterns of treatment and outcome of very elderly patients with ACS. All consecutive patients aged ≥ 80 years old (yo) admitted between January 2017 and December 2019 with ACS were included. The primary endpoint was in-hospital occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), defined as the composite of cardiovascular death, new onset cardiogenic shock, definite/probable stent thrombosis, and ischemic stroke. The secondary endpoints were in-hospital incidence of Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) major/minor bleedings, contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), six-month all-cause mortality, and unplanned readmission. One hundred ninety-three patients (mean age 84.1 ± 3.5 yo, 46% females) were included, of whom 86 (44.6%), 79 (40.9%), and 28 (14.5%) presented with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), and unstable angina (UA), respectively. The vast majority of patients received an invasive strategy, with 92.7% undergoing coronary angiography and 84.4% to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Aspirin was administered to 180 (93.3%) patients, clopidogrel to 89 (46.1%) patients, and ticagrelor to 85 (44%) patients. In-hospital MACE occurred in 29 patients (15.0%), whereas 3 (1.6%) and 12 patients (7.2%) experienced in-hospital TIMI major and TIMI minor bleeding, respectively. Of the overall population, 177 (91.7%) were discharged alive. After discharge, 11 patients (6.2%) died of all-cause death, whereas 42 patients (23.7%) required a new hospitalization within six months. Invasive strategy of ACS in elderly patients seems safe and effective. Six-month new hospitalization appears inevitably related to age.

PMID:36976424 | DOI:10.1007/s00380-023-02260-x

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