Agranulocytosis Secondary to Cancer Chemotherapy Associated With Higher In-Hospital Mortality in Patients With Central Line Insertion During a Hospital Stay

Link to article at PubMed

Cureus. 2023 Feb 7;15(2):e34717. doi: 10.7759/cureus.34717. eCollection 2023 Feb.


Background Agranulocytosis secondary to cancer chemotherapy (ASCC) remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) are also particularly prevalent in these populations and may portend a poorer outcome. Our study serves to investigate the relationship between patients with agranulocytosis secondary to cancer chemotherapy and the insertion of a central venous catheter (CVC) with respect to in-hospital mortality. Methods and results We utilized the National Inpatient Survey 2019 database. We utilized the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 CM codes to identify ASCC and other medical comorbidities. We utilized ICD-10 PCS codes to identify CVC insertions. Multivariate logistic regression was utilized to study the effect of CVC insertion on in-hospital mortality. In patients with ASCC, CVC insertion was associated with a higher in-hospital mortality (unadjusted: 11.9% vs. 1%, p<0.001, adjusted OR 19.27, 95% CI 5.84 - 65.6, p<0.001) adjusted for baseline characteristics and other comorbidities. Patients in the study cohort who were older than 70 years of age also had a higher in-hospital mortality relative to younger age groups (adjusted OR 2.31, 95% CI 1.04-5.13, p<0.039). Conclusion In patients with ASCC, CVC insertion during hospitalization is associated with higher in-hospital mortality.

PMID:36909119 | PMC:PMC9996671 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.34717

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