Acute Kidney Injury and Renal Replacement Therapy: A Review and Update for the Perioperative Physician

Link to article at PubMed

Anesthesiol Clin. 2023 Mar;41(1):211-230. doi: 10.1016/j.anclin.2022.10.004.


Post-operative acute kidney injury is a devastating complication with significant morbidity and mortality associated with it. The perioperative anesthesiologist is in a unique position to potentially mitigate the risk of postoperative AKI, however, understanding the pathophysiology, risk factors and preventative strategies is paramount. There are also certain clinical scenarios, where renal replacement therapy may be indicated intraoperatively including severe electrolyte abnormalities, metabolic acidosis and massive volume overload. A multidisciplinary approach including the nephrologist, critical care physician, surgeon and anesthesiologist is necessary to determine the optimal management of these critically ill patients.

PMID:36872000 | DOI:10.1016/j.anclin.2022.10.004

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