Eur J Pharm Sci. 2023 Mar 2:106415. doi: 10.1016/j.ejps.2023.106415. Online ahead of print.
Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte disorder in clinical practice, which may lead to life-threatening complications. Several lines of evidence suggest that hyponatremia is associated not only with significant increases in length of stay, cost, and financial burden, but also with increased morbidity and mortality. Hyponatremia is also considered to be a negative prognostic factor in patients with heart failure and cancer. Although multiple therapeutic methods are available for treating hyponatremia, most have some limitations, such as poor compliance, rapid correction of serum Na+, other negative side effects and high cost. Given these limitations, identifying novel therapies for hyponatremia is essential. Recent clinical studies have shown that SGLT-2 inhibitors (SGLT 2i) significantly increased serum Na+ levels and were well tolerated by patients who underwent this treatment. Therefore, oral administration of SGLT 2i appears to be an effective treatment for hyponatremia. This article will briefly review the etiology of hyponatremia and integrated control of sodium within the kidney, current therapies for hyponatremia, potential mechanisms and efficacy of SGLT 2i for hyponatremia, and the benefits in cardiovascular, cancer, and kidney disease by regulating sodium and water balance.
PMID:36870579 | DOI:10.1016/j.ejps.2023.106415