Coronary CTA for Acute Chest Pain in the Emergency Department: Comparison of 64-Detector Row Single-Source and Third-Generation Dual-Source Scanners

Link to article at PubMed

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2023 Mar 1. doi: 10.2214/AJR.22.28963. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Background: When performing coronary CTA in the emergency department (ED), a contemporary scanner with improved temporal resolution may eliminate the need to administer beta blockers for heart rate (HR) control, thereby expediting workup. Objective: To compare ED length-of-stay (LOS), image quality, frequency of nondiagnostic examinations, and other clinical outcomes between patients undergoing coronary CTA in the ED by a single-source CT (SSCT) scanner with HR control versus a dual-source CT (DSCT) scanner without HR control. Methods: This retrospective study included 509 patients (mean age, 52.1±15.1 years; 283 men, 226 women) at low-to-intermediate risk for acute coronary syndrome who underwent coronary CTA for acute chest pain during off hours in a single ED from March 1, 2020 to April 25, 2022. A total of 205 patients initially underwent CTA using a 64-detector SSCT with HR control (oral beta-blocker administration if HR was >65 beats per minute); following scanner replacement on April 26, 2021, 304 patients underwent CTA using a third-generation DSCT without HR control. Groups were compared in terms of ED LOS and CT completion time (time from ordering of CTA to completion of acquisition) using propensity score matching, and additional endpoints including image quality and nondiagnostic examinations based on radiology reports. Results: DSCT group, compared with SSCT group, showed no significant difference in median ED LOS (505 vs 457 minutes; P=.37), but shorter median CT completion time (95 vs 117 minutes; P<.001); based on mediation analysis, 89% of reduction in CT completion time for DSCT was attributed to absence of HR control. DSCT group, compared with SSCT group, showed higher frequency of examinations with good or excellent image quality (87.8% vs 60.0%, P<.001) and lower frequency of nondiagnostic examinations (1.6% vs 6.3%, P=.01), but no significant difference in frequencies of emergent cardiology consultation, invasive angiography, ED disposition, or coronary revascularization (all P>.05). No patient in either group experienced 30-day all-cause mortality or major adverse cardiovascular event. Conclusion: Use of a DSCT scanner for coronary CTA can eliminate need for beta-blocker administration for HR control while decreasing nondiagnostic examinations. Clinical Impact: A DSCT scanner can expedite clinical processes in the ED.

PMID:36856300 | DOI:10.2214/AJR.22.28963

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