Postprandial Hypotension: An Underreported Silent Killer in the Aged

Link to article at PubMed

Cureus. 2023 Feb 24;15(2):e35411. doi: 10.7759/cureus.35411. eCollection 2023 Feb.


Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is one of the most common autonomic dysfunctions, with high prevalence in populations of elderly, hypertensive, diabetic, or Parkinson's patients. Evidence is emerging that OH co-occurs with postprandial hypotension (PPH); a greater prevalence of PPH than of OH is reported for Parkinson's disease patients. OH is diagnosed by measuring the blood pressure changes associated with postural changes and often produces alterations in consciousness or other such bothersome symptoms as fainting. PPH is diagnosed by measuring the blood pressure changes associated with ingesting high carbohydrate test meals. Because of the time lag between food ingestion and absorption, PPH is often not reported as symptomatic and, therefore, not diagnosed as PPH. OH and PPH are independent predictors for all causes of mortality. Relative underdiagnosis may qualify PPH as a "silent killer" disease. This review is aimed at providing updates on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and clinical aspects associated with the diagnosis and treatment of PPH. Highlighting the current gaps in knowledge and research about PPH is expected to make medical practitioners more cognizant of the dangers of underdiagnosis and motivate future research to identify individuals and populations at high risk for PPH and its sequelae.

PMID:36851946 | PMC:PMC9964048 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.35411

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