SGLT2 inhibitors for prevention of primary and secondary cardiovascular outcomes: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Link to article at PubMed

Heart Lung. 2023 Feb 16;59:109-116. doi: 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2023.02.009. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Many clinical studies have shown that sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) reduce cardiovascular risks, such as heart failure, myocardial infarction and cardiovascular death.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of SGLT2i for the prevention of primary and secondary cardiovascular outcomes.

METHODS: Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane libraries databases were searched and meta-analysis was performed using Revman 5.4.

RESULTS: Eleven studies with a total of 34,058 cases were analyzed. SGLT2i significantly reduced major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with prior myocardial infarction (MI) (OR 0.83, 95% CI 0.73-0.94, p = 0.004), no prior MI (OR 0. 82, 95% CI 0.74-0.90, p<0.0001), prior coronary atherosclerotic disease (CAD) (OR 0.82, 95% CI 0.73-0.93, p = 0.001) and no prior CAD (OR 0.82, 95% CI 0.76-0.91, p = 0.0002) compared with placebo. In addition, SGLT2i significantly reduced hospitalization due to heart failure (HF) in patients with prior MI (OR 0.69, 95% CI 0.55-0.87, p = 0.001), no prior MI (OR 0.63, 95% CI 0.55-0. 72, p<0.00001), prior CAD (OR 0.65, 95% CI 0.53-0.79, p<0.0001) and no prior CAD (OR 0.65, 95% CI 0.56-0.75, p<0.00001) compared with placebo. SGLT2i reduced cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality events. MI (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.70-0.88, p<0.0001), renal damage (OR 0.73, 95% CI 0.58-0.91, p = 0.004), all-cause hospitalization (OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.83-0.96, p = 0.002), systolic and diastolic blood pressure were all significantly reduced in patients receiving SGLT2i.

CONCLUSION: SGLT2i was effective in prevention of primary and secondary cardiovascular outcomes.

PMID:36801545 | DOI:10.1016/j.hrtlng.2023.02.009

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