Prognostic Role of Sonographic Decongestion in Patients with Acute Heart Failure with Reduced and Preserved Ejection Fraction: A Multicentre Study

Link to article at PubMed

J Clin Med. 2023 Jan 18;12(3):773. doi: 10.3390/jcm12030773.


BACKGROUND: We investigated the role of the dynamic changes of pulmonary congestion, as assessed by sonographic B-lines, as a tool to stratify prognosis in patients admitted for acute heart failure with reduced and preserved ejection fraction (HFrEF, HFpEF).

METHODS: In this multicenter, prospective study, lung ultrasound was performed at admission and before discharge by trained investigators, blinded to clinical findings.

RESULTS: We enrolled 208 consecutive patients (mean age 76 [95% confidence interval, 70-84] years), 125 with HFrEF, 83 with HFpEF (mean ejection fraction 32% and 57%, respectively). The primary composite endpoint of cardiovascular death or HF re-hospitalization occurred in 18% of patients within 6 months. In the overall population, independent predictors of the occurrence of the primary endpoint were the number of B-lines at discharge, NT-proBNP levels, moderate-to-severe mitral regurgitation, and inferior vena cava diameter on admission. B-lines at discharge were the only independent predictor in both HFrEF and HFpEF subgroups. A cut-off of B-lines > 15 at discharge displayed the highest accuracy in predicting the primary endpoint (AUC = 0.80, p < 0.0001). Halving B-lines during hospitalization further improved event classification (continuous net reclassification improvement = 22.8%, p = 0.04).

CONCLUSIONS: The presence of residual subclinical sonographic pulmonary congestion at discharge predicts 6-month clinical outcomes across the whole spectrum of acute HF patients, independent of conventional biohumoral and echocardiographic parameters. Achieving effective pulmonary decongestion during hospitalization is associated with better outcomes.

PMID:36769421 | PMC:PMC9917462 | DOI:10.3390/jcm12030773

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