IV Vitamin C in Sepsis: A Latest Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Link to article at PubMed

Int J Clin Pract. 2023 Jan 24;2023:6733465. doi: 10.1155/2023/6733465. eCollection 2023.


Sepsis is a high-incidence disease and demands intensive care. Finding effective treatment is the key to cure sepsis. Studies have shown a lower level of vitamin C in patients with sepsis. Therefore, vitamin C supplementation has become one of the measures to treat sepsis. However, the clinical studies of vitamin C in the treatment of sepsis have been controversial. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate vitamin C's efficacy and safety in the treatment of sepsis. We searched four electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library, and two researchers independently screened 24 eligible RCTs published in English. Our review demonstrates that intravenous (IV) vitamin C might improve short-term mortality (RR, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.65-1.02; P=0.07; and I 2 = 45%) and overall mortality (RR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.74-1.01; P=0.06; and I 2 = 51%) of patients with sepsis. Moreover, the SOFA score of patients with sepsis improved significantly after treatment with vitamin C for over 72 hours (RR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.09-0.42; P=0.002; and I 2 = 0%). The main results of our study were moderate-quality evidence. More high-quality, multicenter RCTs are needed to provide more substantial evidence on the efficacy and safety of IV vitamin C for sepsis.

PMID:36743822 | PMC:PMC9889164 | DOI:10.1155/2023/6733465

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