Ann Pharm Fr. 2023 Jan 30:S0003-4509(23)00004-4. doi: 10.1016/j.pharma.2023.01.004. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: Medication reconciliation is a key point of the v2020 certification. The main objective of this study was to evaluate this activity over one year, including the first epidemic wave at COVID-19. The secondary objectives were to identify the obstacles and levers and to evaluate doctor satisfaction.
METHODS: This was a retrospective study of drug reconciliations performed on admission during 12 months of the emergence of COVID-19. Patients aged 65 years and older from orthopedic and visceral surgery, acute hospitalization and conventional medicine units were included. Unintentional discrepancies were analyzed. The obstacles and levers were identified by means of a focus group. Doctors' satisfaction was collected using online quiz.
RESULTS: A total of 760 patients were conciliated, of which 27 % (n=208) by hospital pharmacy technicians. A decrease in activity was observed during the first epidemic wave. An unintentional discrepancy was found in 77 % of patients, and only 48 % were corrected by the prescriber. These results were impacted by the pandemic. The pharmaceutical team was mobilized in the logistical management of the crisis, but it was able to adapt in order to perpetuate the activity. Doctors are satisfied with the process.
CONCLUSIONS: Medication reconciliation on admission is essential for the prevention of iatrogeny, particularly with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in healthcare institutions.