Outcomes of Daptomycin Plus Ceftaroline Versus Alternative Therapy for Persistent Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Bacteraemia

Link to article at PubMed

Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2023 Jan 20;61(3):106735. doi: 10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2023.106735. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate both efficacy and safety of combination therapy with daptomycin plus ceftaroline (DAP/CPT) versus alternative therapy in the treatment of persistent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (MRSAB).

METHODS: This retrospective, single-centre study investigated adult patients who underwent a change in antibiotic therapy for persistent MRSAB. Daptomycin plus ceftaroline was compared with alternative therapy after initial treatment with vancomycin or DAP monotherapy was modified. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality, and several secondary efficacy and safety outcomes were evaluated.

RESULTS: A total of 68 patients with persistent MRSAB had initial therapy switched to DAP/CPT (n = 43) or alternative therapy (n = 25). In-hospital mortality was similar with DAP/CPT versus alternative therapy (16.3% vs. 16%; P = 1.0). On average, the total duration of bacteraemia was numerically 1 day less in patients switched to DAP/CPT (11.4 days vs. 12.5 days; P = 0.5). Daptomycin plus ceftaroline was de-escalated in 81% of patients after receiving combination therapy for an average of 12.5 days. Secondary outcomes, including rates of adverse events and emergence of antimicrobial resistance, were similar between the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Switching to DAP/CPT after approximately 1 week of persistent MRSA bacteraemia may result in similar clinical outcomes when compared with alternative therapy. Rates of adverse events and emergence of antimicrobial resistance were low without a statistically significant difference observed between DAP/CPT and alternative therapy. These findings, as well as the impact of earlier switch or prolonged treatment with the combination, require further investigation.

PMID:36690124 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2023.106735

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