Thromb Res. 2023 Mar;223:1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2023.01.011. Epub 2023 Jan 20.
BACKGROUND: Heart failure increases the risk of death in acute pulmonary embolism (PE). The role of the left ventricle (LV) in acute PE is not well defined.
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of LV systolic dysfunction, morphology, and prognosis of the LV during an acute PE.
METHODS: Retrospective study (26-months) of patients diagnosed with an acute PE presenting with LV systolic dysfunction at the University of Maryland.
RESULTS: Among 769 acute PE patients, 78 (10.5 %) had LV systolic dysfunction and 42 (53.8 %) had history of cardiac disease. Patients without history of cardiac disease were younger (mean age [SD] 54.9 [16.8] vs. 62.6 [16.6]; p = 0.04), had a higher BMI (31.2 [12.2] vs. 29.2 [7.7]; p = 0.005), and less hypertension (20 [34.5 %] vs. 38 [65.5 %]; p = 0.0005). A massive PE was most common in patients without history of cardiac disease (8[22.2 %] vs. 2[4.7 %], p = 0.02). There was no difference in clot burden, but right ventricular strain was more frequently seen in patients without history cardiac disease in the initial CT (p = 0.001). The median troponin and lactate were similar in both groups. In 41 patients with follow-up echocardiograms, improvement in LVEF% was observed in patients without cardiac history (median Δ LVEF% [IQR]; 20 [6.2-25.0]). While patients with cardiac disease did not demonstrate similar changes (median Δ LVEF% [IQR]; 0 [-5-17.5]; p = 0.01). In hospital mortality was 12.8 % with no difference between both groups (p = 0.17).
CONCLUSION: Pulmonary embolism can be associated with LV systolic dysfunction, even in patients without history of cardiac disease.
PMID:36689804 | DOI:10.1016/j.thromres.2023.01.011