Readmission rate for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Link to article at PubMed

Respir Med. 2023 Jan;206:107090. doi: 10.1016/j.rmed.2022.107090. Epub 2022 Dec 13.


BACKGROUND: The readmission rate following hospitalization for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations is extremely high and has become a common and challenging clinical problem. This study aimed to systematically summarize COPD readmission rates for acute exacerbations and their underlying risk factors.

METHODS: A comprehensive search was performed using PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science, published from database inception to April 2, 2022. Methodological quality was evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). We used a random-effects model or a fixed-effects model to estimate the pooled COPD readmission rate for acute exacerbations and underlying risk factors.

RESULTS: A total of 46 studies were included, of which 24, 7, 17, 7, and 20 summarized the COPD readmission rates for acute exacerbations within 30, 60, 90, 180, and 365 days, respectively. The pooled 30-, 60-, 90-, 180-, and 365-day readmission rates were 11%, 17%, 17%, 30%, and 37%, respectively. The study design type, age stage, WHO region, and length of stay (LOS) were initially considered to be sources of heterogeneity. We also identified potential risk factors for COPD readmission, including male sex, number of hospitalizations in the previous year, LOS, and comorbidities such as heart failure, tumor or cancer, and diabetes, whereas obesity was a protective factor.

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with COPD had a high readmission rate for acute exacerbations, and potential risk factors were identified. Therefore, we should propose clinical interventions and adjust or targeted the control of avoidable risk factors to prevent and reduce the negative impact of COPD readmission.


PMID:36528962 | DOI:10.1016/j.rmed.2022.107090

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