Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2022 Oct 4;104:104831. doi: 10.1016/j.archger.2022.104831. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is a multidisciplinary diagnostic and treatment process to evaluate medical, psychosocial, and functional capability. It is useful to develop a coordinated and integrated plan for frail older patients. This study aimed to examine the current scope of CGA based multidisciplinary team interventions in acute care setting to improve the health outcomes for older adults.
METHODS: We searched electronic databases: PubMed, Ovid, PsychINFO, Scopus, RISS and KoreaMed from 2011 to 2021. The selected articles were extracted by three reviewers and cross checked by the fourth reviewer to resolve any conflicts. Data were synthesized and analyzed descriptively and thematically. Articles are nested three themes: inpatient (IN), emergency room (ER) and oncology patient (ONCO).
RESULTS: Of the 1830 articles that were screened, 710 were potentially eligible. Finally, 26 articles were selected and categorized as IN (n=8), ER (n=7) and ONCO (n=11). Geriatricians and nurses participated in most of the multidisciplinary teams followed by other health professionals. The most effective primary outcomes were focused and retrieved across five domains, screening, prevention, treatment, quality of care, and rehabilitation. The subdomains are problem lists which is common and problematic among hospitalized older patients and retrieved from the most commonly used multidisciplinary interventions according to each domain.
CONCLUSION: CGA based multidimensional intervention (MDI) are likely to be an effective in care of older adults. There is remarkable paradigm shift required to improve better health outcomes for hospitalized older adults. It also suggests that there is a need to design the CGA based MDI to build a standardized protocol for older adults to maintain functional capacity and increase likelihood of living in their own home.