The clinical and paraclinical effectiveness of four-hour infusion vs. half-hour infusion of high-dose ampicillin-sulbactam in treatment of critically ill patients with sepsis or septic shock: An assessor-blinded randomized clinical trial

Link to article at PubMed

J Crit Care. 2022 Oct 19;73:154170. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2022.154170. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine whether critically ill patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with sepsis and septic shock may benefit from extended infusion of ampicillin/sulbactam compared with those receiving intermittent infusion.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This randomized assessor-blinded clinical trial was conducted in the ICUs of Nemazee and Shahid Rajaee hospital, Shiraz, Iran, from August 2019 to August 2021. The participants randomly received 9 g Ampicillin/Sulbactam every 8 h by either extended (infused over 4 h) or intermittent (infused over 30 min) intravenous infusion if their estimated glomerular filtration rate based on Cockrorft-Gault formula was higher than 60 ml/min.

RESULTS: Totally, 136 patients were enrolled and allocated to the intervention and control groups, each with 68 patients. Clinical cure was significantly higher in the extended group (P = 0.039), but ICU and hospital length of stay did not differ between the groups (P = 0.87 and 0.83, respectively). The ICU (P = 0.031) and hospital (P = 0.037) mortality rates in the extended infusion group were significantly lower than those in the intermittent infusion group.

CONCLUSION: These data should be replicated in larger clinical trials before providing any recommendation in favor of this method of administration in clinical practice.

PMID:36272277 | DOI:10.1016/j.jcrc.2022.154170

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