Cardiol Clin. 2022 Nov;40(4):459-472. doi: 10.1016/j.ccl.2022.06.010.
Heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is characterized by an inability of the heart to perfuse the body without pathologic increases in filling pressure at rest or during exertion. Right heart catheterization provides direct assessment for HF, providing the most robust and direct method to evaluate the central hemodynamic abnormalities, and serves as the gold standard to confirm or refute the presence of HFpEF. This article reviews current understanding of the best practices in the performance and interpretation of hemodynamic assessment, relates important pathophysiologic concepts to clinical care, and discusses current and evidence-based applications of hemodynamics in HFpEF.