J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol. 2022 Apr-Jun;38(2):208-214. doi: 10.4103/joacp.JOACP_327_20. Epub 2021 Nov 18.
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Code blue is a rapid response system developed for emergency resuscitation and stabilization of any sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) within a hospital. Literatures on outcome and factors predicting mortality from SCA in the Emergency departments (EDs) of India is scant.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included all patients above the age of 15 years who had a code blue declared in the ED between the months of January 2018 and June 2019. Factors related to the sustained return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and mortality were analyzed using descriptive-analytic statistics and logistic regressions.
RESULTS: This study included 435 patients with a male predominance of 299 (69%). The mean age was 54.5 (SD - 16.5) years. Resuscitation was not attempted for 18 patients because of the terminal nature of the underlying disease. The majority were in-hospital cardiac arrests (74%). The nonshockable rhythm included pulseless electrical activity (PEA) (85.5%) and asystole (14.5%) cases. Shockable rhythms, that is, pulseless ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation were noted in only 10% (43/417) of cases. ROSC was attained in 184 (44.1%) patients, among which 56 (13.4%) were discharged alive from the hospital. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed CPR >10 min (odds ratio [OR]: 13.58; 95% CI: 8.39-22.01; P < 0.001) and female gender (OR: 1.89; 95% CI: 1.13-3.17; P = 0.016) to be independent risk factors for failure to achieve ROSC in ED.
CONCLUSION: The initial documented rhythm was nonshockable in the majority of the cases. CPR duration of more than 10 min and female gender were independent risk factors for failure to achieve ROSC in the ED. Nonshockable rhythms have a poorer outcomes than that of shockable rhythms.
PMID:36171920 | PMC:PMC9511869 | DOI:10.4103/joacp.JOACP_327_20