Kidney Int Rep. 2022 Apr 6;7(6):1332-1340. doi: 10.1016/j.ekir.2022.03.032. eCollection 2022 Jun.
INTRODUCTION: The combination of hydralazine-isosorbide dinitrate (H-ISDN) has potential as a heart failure (HF) therapy in the setting of maintenance dialysis.
METHODS: In this retrospective study, we analyzed the efficacy of H-ISDN using United States Renal Data System (USRDS) data. We identified all adult patients with a history of HF on maintenance dialysis between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2016, with at least 1 prescription for H-ISDN. Baseline characteristics, prescriptions, and outcomes were retrieved from institutional and physician claims. The primary outcome was death from any cause. Additional outcomes included cardiovascular death, sudden cardiac death, hospitalization for HF, an inpatient diagnosis of myocardial infarction (MI), or new-onset atrial fibrillation. Stabilized inverse probability weights were estimated using relevant baseline characteristics and were used in Cox proportional hazards regression.
RESULTS: We identified 6306 patients who were treated with H-ISDN and 75,509 patients who did not receive H-ISDN. The crude all-cause mortality rate was lower in patients treated with H-ISDN (16.0 events/100 patient years [PYs]) than in nonusers (27.9/100-PY). H-ISDN use was independently associated with lower mortality: hazard ratio (HR) 0.48 (95% CI 0.43-0.54). Cardiovascular death and sudden cardiac death were less common among H-ISDN users than nonusers, Weighted HR was 0.62 (95% CI 0.53-0.71) and 0.62 (95% CI 0.52-0.73), respectively. In contrast, HF admission and MI were more frequent in patients treated with H-ISDN (195.5 and 18.0 events/100-PY) compared with nonusers (73.4 and 10.2 events/100-PY).
CONCLUSION: H-ISDN therapy may improve cardiovascular outcomes in maintenance dialysis patients with HF.