Blood Purif. 2022 May 6:1-9. doi: 10.1159/000524229. Online ahead of print.
INTRODUCTION: The efficacy of renal-replacement treatment (RRT) remains to be validated in COVID-19. In this retrospective cohort study, we aimed to assess the efficacy of early initiation of RRT in intensive care unit (ICU) adults with severe COVID-19.
METHODS: Fifty-eight adult patients in ICU with critically ill or severe COVID-19 with a tendency of critical illness were recruited from February 9, 2020, to March 30, 2020. Early RRT were determined by the ICU medical team based on boom in cytokines levels, increased organs injury/failure, and rapid aggravation of condition. All participants were followed up from the first day of ICU admission to March 30, 2020. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality in ICU.
RESULTS: The mean age of the cohort was 68.4 ± 14.6 years, with 81.0% having at least one comorbidity before hospitalization. Twenty patients (34.5%) initiated early RRT after 24.1 ± 10.4 days from the onset and 6.4 ± 3.6 days from ICU admission. Thirty-four of 58 participants (58.6%) died during ICU follow-up. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional-hazards model showed that early RRT was associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality in ICU with an adjusted HR of 0.280 (95% CI: 0.106-0.738, p = 0.010). Sudden unexpected death (SUD) was remarkably reduced in the early RRT group, compared with the control group (0.2 vs. 2.9 per 100 person-day, p = 0.02).
CONCLUSION: Early RRT can reduce the all-cause in-hospital mortality, especially SUD in patients with severe COVID-19, but not improve multi-organ impairment or increase the risk of AKI. Early initiation of RRT merits an optional strategy in critically ill patients with COVID-19 (ChiCTR2000030773).