Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2022 Mar 11:S1553-7250(22)00063-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjq.2022.03.001. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Many patients undergoing gastrostomy tube placement at one academic medical center were able to resume an oral diet prior to discharge or did not survive hospitalization. The objective of this study was to reduce placement of nonbeneficial gastrostomy tubes and to maintain or improve adherence to gastrostomy tube guidelines.
METHODS: In February 2017 the Acute Care Surgery service began an initiative in which gastrostomy tube placement was deferred until the patient was deemed medically stable for discharge. This study retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement at Columbia University Irving Medical Center, January 2014-January 2017, prior to the intervention, and February 2017-December 2019, after the intervention. Primary outcomes included the proportion of patients undergoing PEG tube placement who resumed an oral diet or who died during the index hospital stay. Secondary outcomes included the timing of the PEG tube placement.
RESULTS: PEGs were placed in 240 patients in the preintervention period and in 171 patients in the postintervention period. In the postintervention period, there was a lower percentage of patients resuming oral diet after PEG placement (17.1% vs. 7.6%, p = 0.0049), a lower duration between stroke diagnosis and PEG placement (mean of 21.0 days vs. 17,1 days, p = 0.0305), and a lower duration between PEG placement and hospital discharge (mean of 19.7 days vs. 13.6 days, p = 0.0035).
CONCLUSION: Intentional delay in PEG placement until patients were medically stabilized and approaching discharge was associated with a reduction in unnecessary procedures and an overall reduction in the number of procedures, while maintaining alignment with clinical guidelines and avoiding delays in discharge attributable to the procedure.