Gastroenterology Res. 2022 Feb;15(1):19-25. doi: 10.14740/gr1484. Epub 2022 Jan 10.
BACKGROUND: Hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is a well-established cause of acute pancreatitis often leading to significant morbidity, mortality, and healthcare burden. This study aimed to describe the rate, reasons, and predictors of HTG-induced acute pancreatitis (HTG-AP) in the USA.
METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed the Nationwide Readmissions Database (NRD) for 2018 to determine all adults (≥ 18 years) readmitted within 30 days of an index hospitalization of HTG-AP. Hospitalization characteristics and adverse outcomes for 30-day readmissions were highlighted and compared with index admissions of HTG-AP. Furthermore, independent predictors for 30-day readmissions of HTG-AP were also identified. P values ≤ 0.05 were considered statistically significant.
RESULTS: In 2018, the rate of 30-day readmission of HTG-AP was noted to be 13.5%. At the time of readmission, AP (45.2%) was identified as the most common principal diagnosis, followed by chronic pancreatitis (6.3%) and unspecified sepsis (4.8%). Compared to index admissions, 30-day readmissions of HTG-AP had a higher proportion of patients with Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) scores ≥ 3 (48.5% vs. 33.8%, P < 0.001). Furthermore, we noted higher rates of inpatient mortality (1.7% vs. 0.7%, odds ratio (OR): 2.55, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.83 - 3.57, P < 0.001), mean length of stay (LOS) (5.6 vs. 4.1 days, OR: 1.5, 95% CI: 1.2 - 1.7, P < 0.001), and mean total healthcare charge (THC) ($56,799 vs. $36,078, OR: 18,702, 95% CI: 15,136 - 22,267, P < 0.001) for 30-day readmissions of HTG-AP compared to index admissions. Independent predictors for 30-day all-cause readmissions of HTG-AP included hypertension, protein energy malnutrition (PEM), CCI scores ≥ 3, chronic kidney disease and discharge against medical advice.
CONCLUSIONS: AP was the principal diagnosis on presentation in only 45.2% patients for 30-day readmissions of HTG-AP. Compared to index admissions, 30-day readmissions of HTG-AP had a higher comorbidity burden, inpatient mortality, mean LOS and mean THC.