Influence of hemoglobin concentration on the in-hospital outcomes in newly diagnosed heart failure patients with atrial fibrillation: Finding from CCC-AF (improving care for cardiovascular disease in China-atrial fibrillation) project

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Medicine (Baltimore). 2022 Mar 4;101(9):e28978. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000028978.


Atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) coexistence is common of clinical significance. Although anemia is a well-recognized risk factor for adverse outcomes, the prognostic value of hemoglobin is controversial in AF and HF. We aimed to determine whether hemoglobin is associated with in-hospital outcomes in such patients.On the basis of the data from the CCC-AF (Improving Care for Cardiovascular Diseases in China-Atrial Fibrillation) project, 2367 inpatients with a definitive diagnosis of AF and HF and record of admission hemoglobin concentration were included. Logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the relationship between hemoglobin and in-hospital outcomes.All patients were divided into 4 groups according to quartiles of hemoglobin values. Compared with patients with higher hemoglobin, patients with lower hemoglobin had higher proportion of males, heart rate (HR), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). On the contrary, they had lower age, medical history, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and brain natriuretic peptide (P < .05). Spearman correlation showed that hemoglobin was negatively correlated with age, LVEF, international normalized ratio, and serum creatinine but positively correlated with HR, DBP, and blood urea nitrogen (P < .05). Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that increasing hemoglobin was an independent protective factor for in-hospital outcomes (odds ratio = 0.989; 95% confidence interval: 0.979-1.000; P = .046).Admission hemoglobin concentration was an independent protective factor for in-hospital outcomes in HF patients with AF. Our study indicated that increasing hemoglobin level and improving anemia degree might improve the prognosis of patients with AF and HF.

PMID:35244067 | PMC:PMC8896450 | DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000028978

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