Efficacy of remdesivir in hospitalized nonsevere COVID-19 patients in Japan: A large observational study using the COVID-19 Registry Japan

Link to article at PubMed

Int J Infect Dis. 2022 Feb 19:S1201-9712(22)00118-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2022.02.039. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Although several randomized controlled trials have compared the efficacy of remdesivir with that of placebo, there is limited evidence regarding its effect in the early stage of nonsevere COVID-19 cases.

METHODS: We evaluated the efficacy of remdesivir on the early stage of nonsevere COVID-19 using the COVID-19 Registry Japan, a nationwide registry of hospitalized COVID-19 patients in Japan. Two regimens (start remdesivir therapy within 4 days from admission vs. no remdesivir during hospitalization) among patients without the need for supplementary oxygen therapy were compared by a three-step processing (cloning, censoring, and weighting) method. The primary outcome was a supplementary oxygen requirement during hospitalization. Secondary outcomes were 30-day in-hospital mortality and the risk of invasive mechanical ventilation or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (IMV/ECMO). The data of 12,487 cases met our inclusion criteria. The "start remdesivir" regimen showed a lower risk of supplementary oxygen requirement (hazard ratio: 0.850, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.798-0.906, p value < 0.001). Both 30-day in-hospital mortality and risk of IMV/ECMO introduction were not significantly different between the two regimens (hazard ratios: 1.04 and 0.983, 95% CI: 0.980-1.09 and 0.906-1.07, p values: 0.210 and 0.678, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: Remdesivir might reduce the risk of oxygen requirement during hospitalization in the early stage of COVID-19; however, it had no positive effect on the clinical outcome and reduction of IMV/ECMO requirement.

PMID:35192953 | PMC:PMC8857764 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijid.2022.02.039

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