Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2022 Feb 8:zxac041. doi: 10.1093/ajhp/zxac041. Online ahead of print.
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PURPOSE: The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases has developed a standard of care for the treatment of patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). Evidence examining the adherence rate to these guideline recommendations is limited. This study aimed to determine the adherence rate to guideline-directed therapy for patients with cirrhosis hospitalized with SBP.
METHODS: This institutional review board-approved retrospective cohort study conducted at a large academic hospital evaluated the adherence rate to guideline-directed therapy in adult patients with cirrhosis hospitalized with SBP. Included hospitalized patients had a documented diagnosis of cirrhosis and acute SBP. The adherence rate to guideline-directed therapy was determined by receipt of paracentesis within 24 hours of admission, request of Gram stain and culture tests, avoidance of fresh frozen plasma, receipt of albumin on days 1 and 3, receipt of empiric antibiotics within 6 hours, receipt of SBP prophylaxis, receipt of deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis, and offer of pneumococcal vaccination.
RESULTS: A total of 110 patients were included. Provider adherence to goal-directed therapy was poor, with criteria met for only 10 (9.1%) patients. The therapies with the lowest adherence rates included SBP prophylaxis on discharge (54.5%), receipt of albumin on day 3 (42.7%), and offer of pneumococcal vaccination during admission (43.6%). Patients with a gastrointestinal consult were more likely than those without a consult to obtain albumin on day 1 (69.4% vs 36.8%, P = 0.001) and albumin on day 3 (52.8% vs 23.7%, P = 0.004).
CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated a lack of adherence to guideline-directed therapy for the management of SBP.