Early Use of Remdesivir and Risk of Disease Progression in Hospitalized Patients With Mild to Moderate COVID-19

Link to article at PubMed

Clin Ther. 2022 Jan 17:S0149-2918(22)00012-1. doi: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2022.01.007. Online ahead of print.


PURPOSE: Preliminary data suggest that remdesivir may influence the course of COVID-19 according to the duration of pre-admission symptoms. We aim to evaluate whether early use of remdesivir is associated with a reduced COVID-19 progression in a homogeneous cohort of patients with mild to moderate COVID-19.

METHODS: This prospective, observational study included patients with COVID-19 pneumonia treated with remdesivir at the University Hospital of Pisa (Italy) from September 2020 to January 2021. According to national recommendations, remdesivir was prescribed in patients with pneumonia who required oxygen supplementation by nasal cannula or mask but without the need for high-flow nasal cannula, non-invasive or invasive mechanical ventilation and had symptoms from no more than 10 days. Patients who received early (≤5 days from onset of symptoms) versus late (>5 days from onset of symptoms) remdesivir were compared. The primary outcome was a composite of high-flow nasal cannula, non-invasive or invasive mechanical ventilation, or death. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors independently associated with the composite endpoint.

FINDINGS: Among 312 consecutive patients with COVID-19 pneumonia who received remdesivir, 90 (28.8%) received early remdesivir, whereas 222 (71.2%) received late remdesivir. Twenty-nine patients (32.2%) in the early-remdesivir group versus 104 patients (46.8%) in the late-remdesivir group met the primary end point (P = 0.018). On multivariate analysis, a history of dyspnea at home (odds ratio = 2.53; 95% CI, 1.55-4.12; P < 0.001) was the strongest factor independently associated with the progression to severe COVID-19, whereas early-remdesivir use was a protective factor (odds ratio = 0.49; 95% CI, 0.27-0.87; P = 0.015). The delayed admission to the hospital was associated with a delayed administration of remdesivir.

IMPLICATIONS: The early use of remdesivir (<5 days from symptoms onset) may reduce COVID-19 progression. The identification of patients who need early hospitalization and early remdesivir may provide clinical benefit in patients with COVID-19.

PMID:35120742 | PMC:PMC8761549 | DOI:10.1016/j.clinthera.2022.01.007

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