The Association Between Abnormal Vital Signs and Mortality in the Emergency Department

Link to article at PubMed

Cureus. 2021 Dec 16;13(12):e20454. doi: 10.7759/cureus.20454. eCollection 2021 Dec.


Background The emergency department (ED) receives patients from all over the world every day. Hence, using various triage scales to detect sick patients and the need for early admission are essential. Triage is a process used in the ED to prioritize patients requiring the most urgent care over those with minor injuries based on medical urgency and medical needs. These decisions may be based on patients' chief complaints at the time of their ED visit and their vital signs. Vital signs, including blood pressure (BP), respiratory rate (RR), heart rate (HR), and body temperature, are necessary tools that are traditionally used in the ED during procedures such as triage and recognizing high-risk hospital inpatients. This study aimed to determine the relationship between abnormal vital signs and mortality in the ED. Method and Material This retrospective record review study was performed at the ED of King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH). Altogether, 641 patients fulfilled our inclusion criteria. Data including patients' demographics, vital signs, in-hospital mortality, triage level, and precipitating factors were collected. Results The mean age of the patients was 45.66 ± 18.43 years (69.3% females), and the majority of them had Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale (CTAS) level 3 (71.1%). The total number of in-hospital mortalities was 32 (5%). Lower systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), high respiratory rates, and low oxygen saturation (O2SAT) were significantly associated with high mortality rates. Conclusion Abnormal vital signs play a major role in determining patient prognosis and outcomes. Triage score systems should be adjusted and carefully studied in each center according to its population.

PMID:35047287 | PMC:PMC8760028 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.20454

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.