Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2022 Jan-Dec;28:10760296211073925. doi: 10.1177/10760296211073925.
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common and potentially lethal form of venous thromboembolic disease in ICU patients. A limited number of risk factors have been associated with PE in ICU patients. In this study, we aimed to screen the independent risk factors of PE in ICU patients that can be used to evaluate the patient's condition and provide targeted treatment. We performed a retrospective cohort study using a freely accessible critical care database Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC)-III. The ICU patients were divided into two groups based on the incidence of PE. Finally, 9871 ICU patients were included, among which 204 patients (2.1%) had pulmonary embolism. During the multivariate logistic regression analysis, sepsis, hospital_LOS (the length of stay in hospital), type of admission, tumor, APTT (activated partial thromboplastin time) and platelet were independent risk factors for patients for PE in ICU, with OR values of 1.471 (95%CI 1.001-2.162), 1.001 (95%CI 1.001-1.001), 3.745 (95%CI 2.187-6.414), 1.709 (95%CI 1.247-2.341), 1.014 (95%CI 1.010-1.017) and 1.002 (95%CI 1.001-1.003) (Ps < 0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that the composite indicator had a higher predictive value for ICU patients with PE, with a ROC area under the curve (AUC) of 0.743 (95%CI 0.710 -0.776, p < 0.001). Finally, sepsis, tumor, platelet count, length of stay in the hospital, emergency admission and APTT were independent predictors of PE in ICU patients.