Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 2022 Jan 12. doi: 10.1097/MBC.0000000000001124. Online ahead of print.
Hemostatic disturbances are common in patients with cirrhosis. Few studies have evaluated the prognostic role of hemostatic parameters in cirrhosis with acute decompensation. This study aims to determine the prognostic ability of standard hemostatic parameters in hospitalized cirrhotic patients with acute decompensation. Cirrhotic patients admitted with acute decompensation were prospectively enrolled. Hemostatic parameters were determined within 24 h, and the DIC (disseminated intravascular coagulation) score was calculated based on platelet count, prothrombin time (PT), fibrinogen, and D-dimer. New onset of in-hospital major bleeding and 90-day mortality were assessed. Eighty-nine patients were included (MELD 13.6 ± 5.7). The indications of admission were infection (38.2%), and portal hypertension-related bleeding (31.5%). 14.6% developed in-hospital major bleeding, and 90-day mortality rate was 21.3%. Major bleeding group and 90-day nonsurvivors had significantly higher activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), PT, and DIC score. The 90-day mortality rate was higher in major bleeding group (46.2 vs. 17.1%, P = 0.029). By multivariate logistic regression analysis, DIC score was associated with 90-day mortality. The AUROC of DIC score for 90-day mortality prediction was significantly higher than of MELD score (0.78 vs. 0.59, P = 0.04). DIC score at least 4 predicted 90-day mortality with a sensitivity of 88.9%. The cumulative 90-day survival was significantly lower in patients with DIC score at least 4 (57.2 vs. 93.6%, P = 0.0003). The development of in-hospital major bleeding significantly increases mortality in cirrhotic patients with acute decompensation. The DIC score within 24 h can be used as a simple and reliable predictor for 90-day mortality in these patients.