Vasopressin and glucocorticoids for in-hospital cardiac arrest: A systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data

Link to article at PubMed

Resuscitation. 2022 Jan 3;171:48-56. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2021.12.030. Online ahead of print.


AIM: To perform a systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis of vasopressin and glucocorticoids for the treatment of cardiac arrest.

METHODS: The PRISMA-IPD guidelines were followed. We searched Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for randomized trials comparing vasopressin and glucocorticoids to placebo during cardiac arrest. The population included adults with cardiac arrest in any setting. Pairs of investigators reviewed studies for relevance, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias. Meta-analyses were conducted using individual participant data. A Bayesian framework was used to estimate posterior treatment effects assuming various prior beliefs. The certainty of evidence was evaluated using GRADE.

RESULTS: Three trials were identified including adult in-hospital cardiac arrests only. Individual participant data were obtained from all trials yielding a total of 869 patients. There was some heterogeneity in post-cardiac arrest interventions between the trials. The results favored vasopressin and glucocorticoids for return of spontaneous circulation (odds ratio: 2.09, 95%CI: 1.54 to 2.84, moderate certainty). Estimates for survival at discharge (odds ratio: 1.39, 95%CI: 0.90 to 2.14, low certainty) and favorable neurological outcome (odds ratio: 1.64, 95%CI, 0.99 to 2.72, low certainty) were more uncertain. The Bayesian estimates for return of spontaneous circulation were consistent with the primary analyses, whereas the estimates for survival at discharge and favorable neurological outcome were more dependent on the prior belief.

CONCLUSIONS: Among adults with in-hospital cardiac arrest, vasopressin and glucocorticoids compared to placebo, improved return of spontaneous circulation. Larger trials are needed to determine whether there is an effect on longer-term outcomes.

PMID:34990764 | DOI:10.1016/j.resuscitation.2021.12.030

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